The students will be asked to write all forms of "tener" and their meanings.
Yo tengo - I have
Tú tienes - You have (familiar)
Él tiene - He has
Ella tiene - She has
Usted tiene - You have (formal)
Nosotros tenemos (We have/masc)
Nosotras tenemos (We have/fem)
Ellos tienen (They have/masc)
Ellas tienen (They have/fem)
Ustedes tienen (You all have)
SPELLING is SO important here. Notice that the stem for the yo and nosotros/nosotras forms is "ten" (yo tengo, nosotros/nosotras tenemos) while the stem for all other forms (tú, él, ella, usted, ellos, ellas, ustedes) all include an extra "i" in the stem "tien" (tú tienes, él/ella/usted tiene, ellos/ellas/ustedes tienen). Also, notice the strange spelling of "yo tengo". This "g" is unexpected, but must be used in properly spelling the word. These spelling changes will determine whether your answer is correct or incorrect.
So... can you tell which form of "tener" follows the pronoun yo? tú? él? ella? usted? nosotros? nosotras? ellos? ellas? ustedes? After you tell me which form goes with each pronoun, can you tell me what it means? Once you have learned the forms, the spellings, and the meanings, you are on your way to success. See this video for a review of the forms/pronunciation of tener and for some practice using it in context: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJCk6y3fO9g
In addition to the verb "tener", I will be testing you on your use of definite and indefinite articles.
Masculine el los
Meaning the the
Feminine la las
Meaning the the
Masculine un unos
Meaning a/an some
Feminine una unas
Meaning a/an some
Remember how we determine whether a noun is masculine or feminine:
Most nouns that end with "o" are masculine.
Most nouns that end with "a" are feminine.
Remember how we determine whether a noun is singular or plural:
Plural nouns end with an "s" while singular nouns do not.
Examples of articles paired with nouns.
Perro (dog) ends with an "o". It is masculine and singular.
To say "the dog", we say "el perro". To say "a dog", we say "un perro".
Perros (dogs) ends with "os". It is masculine and plural.
To say "the dogs", we say "los perros". To say "some dogs" we say "unos perros".
Puerta (door) ends with an "a". It is feminine and singular.
To say "the door", we say "la puerta". To say "a door", we say "una puerta".
Puertas (doors) ends with "as". It is feminine and plural.
To say "the doors", we say "las puertas". To say "some doors", we say "unas puertas".
I hope these examples help. Make sure that you know your definite as well as indefinite articles BY NAME.
If I ask for definite or indefinite articles to be paired with nouns, you should know what I'm asking for.
You should be able to identify a noun by its gender (masculine or feminine) and its number (singular or plural) so that you are able to match the appropriate articles to it. I will give you nouns and ask you to do so. See these videos for help with these concepts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3ldEPDcZhM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9sIsmnNYYKA
Write the appropriate definite/indefinite articles in front of the following nouns:
1) ____ escritorio
2) ____ ventana
3) ____ escritorios
4) ____ ventanas
1) el/un escritorio (the/a desk)
2) la/una ventana (the/a window)
3) los/unos escritorios (the/some desks)
4) las/unas ventanas (the/some windows)
If you can do this, you will succeed. Make that you would be able to tell me what the definite and indefinite articles mean.
Finally, you should familiar with the information about the holiday "carnaval". I'm attaching it below. Expect the typical "true/false" questions and vocabulary questions (matching, of course).